This article deals with various types of wind turbine that differ from the standard type.

Modified HAWTEdit

Ducted Rotor Edit

Still something of a research project, the ducted rotor consists of a turbine inside a duct which flares outwards at the back. They are also referred as Diffuser-Augmented Wind Turbines (i.e. DAWT). The main advantage of the ducted rotor is that it can operate in a wide range of winds and generate a higher power per unit of rotor area. Another advantage is that the generator operates at a high rotation rate, so it doesn't require a bulky gearbox, so the mechanical portion can be smaller and lighter. A disadvantage is that (apart from the gearbox) it is more complicated than the unducted rotor and the duct is usually quite heavy, which puts an added load on the tower. The Éolienne Bollée is an example of a DAWT.

Maglev wind turbineEdit

Magnetic levitation turbines are another form of wind turbines which can drastically increase power. [1] [2]

Co-axial, multi-rotor horizontal-axis turbinesEdit

Two or more rotors may be mounted to the same driveshaft, with their combined co-rotation together turning the same generator — fresh wind is brought to each rotor by sufficient spacing between rotors combined with an offset angle alpha from the wind direction. Wake vorticity is recovered as the top of a wake hits the bottom of the next rotor. Power has been multiplied several times using co-axial, multiple rotors in testing conducted by inventor and researcher Douglas Selsam, for the California Energy Commission in 2004. The first commercially available co-axial multi-rotor turbine is the patented dual-rotor American Twin Superturbine from Selsam Innovations in California, with 2 propellers separated by 12 feet. It is the most powerful 7-foot diameter turbine available, due to this extra rotor.

Counter-rotating horizontal-axis turbinesEdit

Counter rotating turbines can be used to increase the rotation speed of the electrical generator. As of 2005, no large practical counter-rotating HAWTs are commercially sold. When the counter rotating turbines are on the same side of the tower, the blades in front are angled forwards slightly so as to avoid hitting the rear ones. If the turbine blades are on opposite sides of the tower, it is best that the blades at the back be smaller than the blades at the front and set to stall at a higher wind speed. This allows the generator to function at a wider wind speed range than a single-turbine generator for a given tower. To reduce sympathetic vibrations, the two turbines should turn at speeds with few common multiples, for example 7:3 speed ratio. Overall, this is a more complicated design than the single-turbine wind generator, but it taps more of the wind's energy at a wider range of wind speeds.

Appa designed and demonstrated a contra rotor wind turbine in FY 2000–2002 funded by California Energy Commission. This study showed 30 to 40% more power extraction than a comparable single rotor system. Further it was observed that the slower the rotor speed, the better the performance. Consequently Megawatt machines benefit most.

Variable pitch HAWTEdit

Several wind turbines have been designed with variable pitch blades. These allow greater efficiency. An example of such type is the Jacobs and the "Advanced Research Turbine" located at NREL’s National Wind Technology Center near Golden, CO, USA. [3] Variable pitch blades are also being in diy-construction.

Furling tail and twisting blades turbinesEdit

In addition to variable pitch blades, furling tails and twisting blades are other improvements on wind turbines. Similar to the variable pitch blades, they may also greatly increase the efficiency of the turbine and be used in diy construction [4]

Modified VAWTEdit


The Aerogenerator is a special design of vertical axis wind turbine which could allow greater energy outputs. [5]

Savonius wind turbineEdit

The Savonius wind turbine is another special design wind turbine.

Augmented "G" model VAWT: "G" Model Wind Turbine (GMWT) Edit

The "G" Model VAWT Turbine is equipped with three -self directioning- "Augmentation And Directioning Wings=AADW" placed outer section of classical Darrieus blades. The GMWT is capable to increase almost fivefold the efficiency of classical Darrieus Blades: [6] AADW adjust itself to the wind direction without any external power. The result combination ("G" Model Wind Turbine) need very low cut-in wind speed, has self starting ability togetherwith high capacity factor. Detailed information is available in: [7]


File:Airborne wind generator.svg
Main article: Airborne wind turbine

It has been suggested that wind turbines could be flown in high speed winds at high altitude taking advantage of the steadier winds at high altitudes. No such systems currently exist in the marketplace. The idea of airborne wind turbines reappears in the industry every few years, and seldom (if ever) gets off the drawing board.


Another type is the H-rotor [8]

Vaneless ion wind generatorEdit

For an unusual way to induce a voltage using an aerosol of ionised water, see vaneless ion wind generator.

Solar updraft towerEdit

Wind turbines may also be used in conjunction with a solar collector to extract the energy due to air heated by the Sun and rising through a large vertical Solar updraft tower.

Piezoelectric wind turbinesEdit

Another special type of wind turbines are the piezoelectric wind turbines. [9]

Wind turbines on public display Edit

File:Lamma wind turbine.jpg
File:Great Lakes Science Center.jpg
File:Greenpark wind turbine arp.jpg
The great majority of wind turbines around the world belong to individuals or corporations who use them to generate electric power or to perform mechanical work. As such, wind turbines are primarily designed to be working devices. However, the large size and height above surroundings of modern industrial wind turbines, combined with their moving rotors, often makes them among the most conspicuous objects in their areas. A few localities have exploited the attention-getting nature of wind turbines by placing them on public display, either with visitor centers around their bases, or with viewing areas farther away.[10] The wind turbines themselves are generally of conventional horizontal-axis, three-bladed design, and generate power to feed electrical grids, but they also serve the unconventional roles of technology demonstration, public relations, and education.

Template:Expand list

Observation deckEdit

Some wind turbines on public display go one further, with observation decks beneath their nacelles. Template:Expand list

  • Germany
    • One wind turbine of the type Enercon E-66 at Windpark Holtriem, Germany carries an observation deck, open for visitors.
  • Netherlands
    • The Siemens plant in Zoetermeer features a wind turbine with 40m blade length and an observation deck.
  • United Kingdom
    • Another Enercon E-66 wind turbine with an observation deck belonging to Ecotricity is in the English town of Swaffham.


See alsoEdit



External linksEdit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png

Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found